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Legislative Approval

#1

Madam Delegate,

The Assembly has passed the below Constitutional Resolution to Clarify Continuity with Past Governments. Pursuant to Article II, Section 4 of Mandate 12, the resolution now requires your approval in order to be enacted into law.

Quote:
Constitutional Resolution to Clarify Continuity with Past Governments

Proposed by: Cormac

Whereas there has been some question as to whether the government established under Mandate 12 is a continuation or legal successor to the Celestial Union of Lazarus, the Undead Dominion of Lazarus, the Dominion of Lazarus, or the Khanate of Lazarus;

Whereas Mandate 12 does not include any provision regarding continuity with prior governments; and

Whereas it is important for the purpose of determining the status of laws established under prior governments, particularly the status of treaties, whether there is continuity between any of those prior governments and the government established under Mandate 12;

Therefore, the Assembly of Lazarus hereby resolves, as a matter of constitutional authority and as empowered by Article I, Section 10 of Mandate 12, as follows:

(1) The government established under Mandate 12, and any legal successor government, is not a continuation of or legal successor to any prior government of Lazarus.

(2) The government established under Mandate 12, and any legal successor government, is not bound by any law, treaty, or policy of any kind established under any prior government of Lazarus, and such laws, treaties, and policies have no legal effect whatsoever under Mandate 12.

(3) The government established under Mandate 12 takes no position on the legitimacy of any prior government of Lazarus.
Cormac Skollvaldr

"We are all misfits living in a world on fire." - Kelly Clarkson, "People Like Us"
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#2

I, Delegate Imkiville, approve of the Constitutional Resolution to Clarify Continuity with Past Governments.

Thank you for your work, Citizens and Speaker.
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#3
(This post was last modified: 09-14-2018, 11:26 PM by McChimp.)

Madam Delegate,

The Assembly has passed the below Criminal Powers Amendment (September 2018). Pursuant to Article II, Section 4 of Mandate 12, the amendment now requires your approval in order to be enacted into law.
 
Quote:
Criminal Powers Amendment (September 2018)

Proposed By:
McChimp
Preamble

This amendment of the Twelfth Mandate of Lazarus grants the delegate greater power to impose justice on those the Court of Lazarus has gathered damning evidence against.

Section 1. Amendment of Article II

(1) After subsection 7, insert:
 
(8) The Delegate may impose upon a person a punishment permitted by law, including revocation of citizenship, restriction of ability to vote and/or hold office, ejection and/or banishment from Lazarus and other measures, should the Court confirm by two-thirds vote that the person has committed a criminal offence. The person must have had reasonable opportunity to defend themselves against the charges during a Criminal Review. The Assembly may overturn or reduce such punishments by three-quarters vote.

Section 2. Amendment of Article V

(1) After subsection 6, insert:
 
(7) The Court may conduct Criminal Reviews in order to determine whether a person has committed a criminal offence. Procedure for such Criminal Reviews may be established by law.
 

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#4

I, Delegate Imkiville, approve of the Criminal Powers Amendment.

Thank you for your work.
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#5
(This post was last modified: 09-22-2018, 04:29 PM by McChimp.)

Madam Delegate,

The Assembly has passed the below Criminal Code Act (September 2018). Pursuant to Article II, Section 4 of Mandate 12, the act now requires your approval in order to be enacted into law.
 
Quote:
Criminal Code Act (September 2018)
Proposed by: Amerion
Preamble

In order to maintain public law and order, this act codifies criminal actions in Lazarus.

Section 1. Treason

(1) Any person who engages in conduct with the intention of illegally removing or altering, the Mandate, the Government or the Delegate, or levies war, or does any act preparatory to levying war, against Lazarus, shall be guilty of treason.

Section 2. Sabotage

(1) Any person who engages in conduct with the intention of significantly disrupting, destroying, or rendering a public infrastructure unusable, shall be guilty of sabotage.

(2) Legitimate actions taken by off-site property administration of the public infrastructure shall not be considered sabotage. The root administrator of the infrastructure in question has the ultimate authority on what constitutes a legitimate action.

Section 3. Espionage

(1) Any person who knowingly communicates information contained in a restricted area of Lazarus, in part or in whole, to a person or entity which does not have access to that restricted area, shall be guilty of espionage.

(2) The individual or government body responsible for a restricted area may sanction the distribution of information to another person or entity. Sharing information whose release has been sanctioned shall not be considered espionage.

Section 4. Bribery

(1) Any person who offers, provides, or agrees to provide a benefit of any kind with the intention of influencing a person in the exercise of that person’s governmental duties, shall be guilty of bribery.

(2) Any person who asks, receives, or agrees to receive a benefit of any kind with the promise that receiving that benefit will influence the exercise of that person’s governmental duties, shall be guilty of bribery.

Section 5. Blackmail

(1) Any person who threatens to, attempts, or uses damaging information against a person in an effort to force them to take, or to refrain from, certain actions, shall be guilty of blackmail.

(2) Any person who threatens to, attempts, or uses real-life information against a person, shall be addressed as an out-of-character administrative matter.

Section 6. Fraud

(1) Any person who knowingly or recklessly makes a false statement of material fact, shall be guilty of fraud.

Section 7. Inter-regionally Prohibited Act

(1) Any person who engages in conduct expressly prohibited in a treaty or convention of which Lazarus is party to, shall be guilty of an inter-regionally prohibited act.

Section 8. Contempt of Court

(1) Any person who intimidates or insults a person during a sitting of the Court, intentionally interrupts the proceedings of the Court, or disobeys a direction of the Court shall be guilty of contempt of court.

Section 9. Vexatious Behaviour

(1) Any person who instigates or pursues judicial proceedings without reasonable ground, or engages in conduct which is an abuse of judicial proceedings, shall be guilty of vexatious behaviour.

Section 10. Misconduct

(1) Any person who engages in conduct which knowingly or recklessly violates the person’s citizenship oath, oath taken before the Court, or any of the laws of Lazarus, shall be guilty of misconduct.

Section 11. Conspiracy

(1) Any person who prepares or plans to commit an offence enumerated herein, shall be guilty of conspiracy to commit that offence.

Section 12. Guilt and Sentencing

(1) No person may be found guilty of a crime not listed in this act.

(2) If found guilty of a crime, the Delegate may impose upon the person any punishment proportionate to the offence.

Section 13. Definitions

In this Act:

‘Associated authorities’ is defined as off-site property administration including, but not limited to, the forum or Discord.

‘Banishment’ is defined as removal by the relevant authorities of a person from Lazarus.

‘Discord’ is defined as a public infrastructure located at ‘https://discord.gg/dahpMU2'.

‘Governmental duties’ is defined as an action or task required by a person’s position.

‘Material fact’ is defined as one which can reasonably and plausibly be expected to affect a person's future actions.

‘Off-site property administration’ is defined as a person or group who has the authority to administer public infrastructure, including, but not limited to, the Delegate, root administrator, administrators, global moderators, and moderators.

‘Opinion’ is defined as a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge.

‘Public infrastructure’ is defined as an area operated by the government or its associated authorities for use of the public, including, but not limited to, the NationStates region of Lazarus, the forum, or Discord.

‘Regional Forum’ is defined as a public infrastructure located at ‘https://nslazarus.com/index.php'.

‘Restricted area’ is defined as an area of the Regional Forum or Discord to which the general public is withheld access.

‘Root administrator’ is defined as a person who has the authority to empower and delegate administrator responsibility including, but not limited to, adding administrators, defining administrator groupings, and shutting down the public infrastructure.

‘Sitting of the Court’ is defined as an area administered by the Court.

‘Third party’ is defined as a person or group besides the two primarily involved in a situation.     

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#6

I, Delegate Imkiville, approve of the Criminal Code Act .

Thank you for your work.
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#7

Madam Delegate,

The Assembly has passed the below Lazarene Corporation Theme Act (2018). Pursuant to Article II, Section 4 of Mandate 12, the act now requires your approval in order to be enacted into law.

Quote:
Lazarene Corporation Theme Act (2018)
Proposed by: Legalist Zombal
Preamble

This law shall define the regional theme and alternate titles within the region

Section 1. Shareholders of Lazarus

(1) Shareholder shall be the alternate title to Citizen
(2) The Shareholders of Lazarus shall be the alternate title of the Assembly of Lazarus
(3) The Chairperson of the Shareholders shall be the alternate title for the Speaker of the Assembly

Section 2. Chief Executive Officer of Lazarus

(1) The Chief Executive Officer of Lazarus, alternatively called the CEO, shall be the alternate title of the Delegate of Lazarus

Section 3. Chief Operating Officer of Lazarus

(1) The Chief Operating Officer of Lazarus, alternatively called the COO, shall be the alternate title of the Vice Delegate of Lazarus

Section 4. Board of Directors of Lazarus

(1) Board of Directors of Lazarus shall be the alternate title for the Cabinet of Lazarus
(2) Director shall be the alternate title of a Minister

Section 5. Human Resource Officers

(1) The Human Resource Offices shall be the alternate name of the Court of Lazarus
(2) Human Resource Officers shall be the alternate title to Justices of the Court of Lazarus

Section 6. Auditors of Lazarus

(1)the Auditors of Lazarus shall be the alternative title to the Council of Lazarene Security
(2)Auditor of Lazarus, alternatively called just Auditor, shall be the alternative title for Councillors of Lazarene Security

Section 7. Use of Alternative Titles

(1) Alternative titles shall be regarded purely as regional culture and lore
(2) Alternative titles are not the official titles and should not be used in treaties or official laws 

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#8

As Acting Delegate, I, Treadwellia, approve of the Lazarene Corporation Theme Act (2018).

Thanks for your work and dedication.
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#9

Madam Delegate,

The Assembly has passed the below Hostile Entities and Persons Act. Pursuant to Article II, Section 4 of Mandate 12, the resolution now requires your approval in order to be enacted into law.

Quote:
Hostile Entities and Persons Act (December 2018)

Proposed by: Cormac
Section 1. Hostile Entities

(1) The Assembly may, at the request of the Delegate or the Council on Lazarene Security, designate a region or organization as a hostile entity. Such designation will require a two-thirds vote of the Assembly to approve or rescind. The Assembly may rescind such designation on its own initiative.

(2) No person participating in a hostile entity may reside gameside or be admitted to citizenship in Lazarus until ending such participation. Participation will include residence, citizenship, or official membership in the hostile entity, or any higher form of participation.

(3) Citizenship will automatically be revoked from any citizen discovered to be participating in a hostile entity, following a 72 hour grace period in which the citizen may end participation in the hostile entity. The citizenship of the citizen in question will be suspended during said grace period.

(4) Citizenship will automatically be revoked, without any grace period, from any citizen discovered to have been participating in a hostile entity that was designated as such at the time of their application for citizenship, if such participation was omitted from said application.

(5) The prohibitions herein will not apply to infiltration of a hostile entity for the purpose of espionage or subversion, or other such action taken against a hostile entity, provided a waiver for such action has been granted by the Delegate. Such waiver may be kept classified and may be rescinded by the Delegate at any time.

(6) No request for embassies, gameside or off-site, nor any application for diplomatic recognition filed on behalf of a hostile entity may be approved. Any embassy or diplomatic recognition already obtained on behalf of a hostile entity prior to its designation as such will be terminated upon designation.

Section 2. Hostile Persons

(1) The Assembly may, at the request of the Delegate or the Council on Lazarene Security, designate any person as a hostile person. Such designation will require a two-thirds vote of the Assembly to approve or rescind. The Assembly may rescind such designation on its own initiative.

(2) Designation as a hostile person will prohibit a person, under any alias, from residing gameside or being admitted to citizenship in Lazarus.

(3) No citizen of Lazarus may be designated as a hostile person while maintaining citizenship in Lazarus.

Section 3. Records of Hostile Entities and Persons

(1) The Assembly Speaker will maintain publicly accessible records of all regions and organizations designated as hostile entities and all persons designated as hostile persons.

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#10

I, Delegate Imkiville, approve of the Hostile Entities and Persons Act.

Thank you for your work!
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